Charlottesville 2017- by nick

We start back in the spring of 2016 where Zhyana, a ninth grader at  Charlottesville High school petitioned to have the Robert e lee statue removed. Her petition shined a light on how the south still memorialized white supremacy.  Both sides of the argument started to come out and protest.  The people who wanted the statue to stay laid their claims on free speach. It was interesting to read that KKK members were so comfortable with their choice that many of them would attend events unmasked. On August 11th a protest of KKK and neo nazi members marched through the quiet campus of UVA.  The next day the rally formed in the renamed emancipation park where the lee statue stood. There were also counter protesters there. The protest got so heated that the police declared it an unlawful assembely. As the protesters on both sides dispersed a neo nazi drove his car directly into the crowd killing a 32 year old woman named Heather. This was the event that caused national coverage to spark here in charlotsville. The protesters wanted the unseen history of Charlottesville to finally be seen. Ever Since the  attacks the politics and people of Charlottesville have begun to try and reflect on how they can do better for the people. To help they hung up photos of african americans all over town as well as in magazines to give a look at the other side of Charlottesville VA. the “Unite the Right” rally.  The author first urges UVA to change its neutral view in relation to employment equity, taking Baltimore’s Johns Hopkins as an example of positive institutional response to public outcry.  Also urged is a PILOT (payment-in-lieu-of-taxes) program, which would offset some of UVA’s $9.7 million/year of non-taxable property.  Next is the question of university and hospital expansion, which always seems to be into minority neighborhoods.  While UVA was not involved in either of Charlottesville’s large urban renewal projects, it did enact one of its own to clear the small neighborhood of Gospel Hill in the 1960s.

Blog By: Nick

The Latinization of the Shenandoah Valley

Virginia is one of the southern states to see a pop in the latino community.

Harrisonburg, VA which used to be known for its majority white and American born population now has the most diverse public school enrollment with students from 64 different countries. Many new immigrants are choosing rural areas rather than the old trend of the big population cities. According to one estimate in the article , on the national level, 10-15 percent of the Catholic Church’s budget for charitable works is spent on aiding immigrants and refugees. Some really interesting info is Hondurans are the newest Latino immigrant group to come to Harrisonburg. They began arriving in the Valley in the mid-1990s, many after Hurricane Mitch in Honduras (and Nicaragua) in 1998. Most of them are from locals in the department of Olancho. Although the Refugee Resettlement Office estimates the number of Cubans in Harrisonburg at 200, the number is actually closer to 300 because not all of the Cubans have come under the attention of the Refugee Resettlement Office, according to Christina Solano, a member of the local Cuban community. “Those who came through the office brought others including relatives from Miami. Miami is the American Dream, but there is little opportunity there, so little by little people have been moving here. They are all from the same town which is located in the western-most part of Cuba.stayed for only a short time before moving to Miami. According to Pablo, “They couldn’t wait to get out of here because there were no black beans and rice”. When asked to explain, he responded that there were actually a number of reasons. The first was language. When he first started bringing his relatives to the area in the early 1970s, they could not speak English and. Second, was the food. There was no food they were used to. You couldn’t just go to Food Lion. They had to go to the international food stores to find the food they liked. There was one in Charlottesville They couldn’t watch TV. There was no satellite TV. That goes for the culture part. Then there was the weather, working in 30-degree weather. They were used to seeing the sun and 80 degrees”. 


 Identity is central to the notions of assimilation and Americanization, and its formation and transformation are integral to the immigrant experience. Race, ethnicity, nativity, class, and gender play critical roles in identity formation, retention, and change in a multicultural society.  The ability to identify with and feel at home in the host society has long been considered a necessary ingredient for immigrant success. Following the landmark 1965 Immigration Act, the volume and diversity of nonEuropean immigrants to the United States surged. Although immigration from African countries lagged considerably behind that from Latin American and Asian nations, by the 1970s the number of immigrants from the African continent exceeded 80,000 per year (McKee 2000; U.S. Department of Justice 2002). Milestones in immigration legislation that had a significant impact on the flow of immigrants. experiences of racial and ethnic identity in a progressively immigrant city. Race, a social construct, is typically based on physical characteristics and phenotype. Racial categorization in the United States has now run the full gamut from the rigid definition of the “one-drop rule,” which classified persons with even a trace of African blood as Black. children in the United States. Culture is transmitted within societies collectively by maintaining and upholding cultural mores of behavior, belief, dress, and other traits from generation to generation. Maintaining cultural continuity is especially challenging in new immigrant communities like the Ethiopian one. Ethiopian youth invent ethnic traditions that are more in accordance with mainstream cultural practices. In Washington, D.C Young people often rent Black nightclubs on weekends for gatherings of fellow Ethiopians.

Defining immigrant newcomers in new destinations: symbolic boundaries in Williamsburg, Virginia

Williamsburg presents a useful site for studying boundary-making processes as they unfold in communities undergoing economic and demographic transitions. Like other recent sites of immigrant reception, Williamsburg’s incorporation into new migration streams coincided with a period of rapid growth and development. Thus, debates about immigration. However, most cultural debates about immigration coalesced around language. criticized government officials were far more likely to blame immigrants. The linking of undocumented immigration status with criminal activity frequently occurred in conjunction with news coverage of local cases, such as the arrest and prosecution of Oswaldo Martı´nez, a deaf and mute Salvadoran man who was charged with the rape and murder of Brittany Binger, a teenage girl. US culture and society as well as anti-corporate and anti-government discourses that frame immigrants as a cost to American workers and taxpayers. In addition, local media actors use the ‘master frame’ of criminality to link diverse issues and discourses in constructing anti-immigrant positions.

How may I help you : By Nick W

How May I Help You? traces Deepak Singh’s experiences in America, as a well educated individual who is compelled to work a minimum wage job. Through chapters that unravel his descent into American society, we are also pulled into the lives of his colleagues and acquaintances who are themselves struggling to get by in a world that is foreshadowed by apathy and fallacy. Spanning across two years and some, this book brings to light the strong culture shock that Deepak deals with, when confronted by an America quite unlike the picture painted by the big screen. What this autobiography succeeds in doing commendable is emphasizing that people may be separated by oceans and borders but we all couldn’t be more alike due to our shared sufferings and encounters. He said that many American have preconceived notions and false information about him because of his skin color and where he comes from. One of his coworkers said that he did not speak English even when working. Singh himself was puzzled because he absolutely knew he was speaking English, but it was just the thick accent that made people think he wasn’t speaking the language because other Americans could not understand him. In India, Singh said he was able to speak really good English. Singh also mentions how his boss was always asking him questions about the Middle East, other languages, etc. Other people did not see that Singh came from a different culture and thought he was a representative of the Middle East. This fueled all the misconceptions about Indians and their culture. Chapters 5 and Chapter 6 describe his interview and his being hired at the electronics store. I thought it was sad in chapter 7 when the Indian shoppers told Deepak that he could do better than this job, and Deepak was worried that his parents would find out.

Public in name Only

By Nick

The book Public in Name only is a very intresting read. It mentions the lack of access to the public library in alexandria for black residents. the library is public to all residents but not much access to public history for black americans of the city. The residents were excluded from getting public history resources that they are paying for in taxes to the city. The courts wanted more race intergration and inter racial marriages. The only thing not working was geting access to once white owned stuff. The residents suffered until Sammuel tuckers efforts of a peaceful sit in and court choice made a process where black residents could access library and its ammenites. I love how the author was naming ways that shouldve been helping african americans but it all came down to who was in charge. In conclusion sometimes protesting can help sway the way people see problems.

Southern Stalemate blog:Nick Werderman

While a lot about the cival rights is taught early on the extensive reserach into the county of Prince Edward county or as I now call it the hidden gem of the cival rights movement. I had no idea what this place was but now I know it was one of the most racist counties in Virginia. The book starts out talking about Prince Edward County closing schools in 1959. It gets you thinking why did they close instead of blocking colerd people from going. I think it was to make a statement that the colerd people were not allowed education or no one was getting it which I think hurt the county in the long run. County officals would not allowcate money tgo the schools in 1963-64. The county allowcated the once school buildings to the “Free Schools” a year long education program created by the Kennedy administration and funded by private doners. The county was forced to open back up due to Supreme court intervention. In 1951 a set of black students protested the unfair school laws and this started protests state and country wide. The strike led to a Naacp lawsuit that was one of the 5 cases decided by brown v board of education which outlawed public segregation of schools. In 1957 Almond was elected governor and in that september he closed nine schools on the cusp of desegregation. Later on in his term Almonds view went from total segregation to minimize integration. PEC on the other hand could care less and took a jurassic turn and pulled out of the public school business for five years after being asked to desegregate in fall 1959.The commonwealth had the most slaves of any state as well as the most free blacks after MD. Author suggests Racial hatred blindness was the cause of blacks being treated so poor. The first brick negro school was built in 1927 and the first black highschool was opened in 1939 from funds provided by the state. White virginians thought they treated blacks fair compared to other southern states. VA was a major focus for the NAACP fight against segregation since the 1930s. In 1957 desegregation suits landed at PEC,Arlington,Charlottesville,Newport News, and Norfolks door.   Organized and violent resistance came from white supremacist groups such as the KKK and the White Citizen’s Councils (“Defenders of State Sovereignty and Individual Liberties).This text was a very eye opening experience looking directly into how Virginia was effected in the fight for cival rights and how one county pulled the biggest stalemate I can think of at this time.

Chesapeake Requim

By Nick Werderman

This piece is really well written and gets your mind thinking. It starts off with Carol Prujjut Moore settin off on her boat too Caanan. Throughout the book it talks about the effects of climate change on the chesseapeake. An important part to me was when it was talking about all the islands that are starting to disapear due to climate change such as the Sharp islands and james island. Though some of these have been inhabbitaned since WW1, they still played a major roll in farming back in the day and now they are starting to disepear. Another captivating story is Tangier Island which is fully populated might not be around for much longer due to climate change. The island does a lot of crab catching which is very important to the chesapeke economy for both VA an MD.

Virginia Climate fever post by Nick Werderman

These excerpts were very informational. One thought it brought up is that though climate change is slow globaly, it is still on the rise. Looking at a smaller geographic area does make it harder to predict tempreatures but it still can be done. Virginia as a whole lies on the winter boundery which makes it hard forecasting. It kept showing graphs about climate change in Virginia growing, while only in small quantites over time none the less climate change is on the rise no matter where you decide to call home. Just looking at this past summer it has gotten hotter and has stayed that way untrill now. Virgina will continue to get hotter just like every where else. Hopfully we can all come togather as citizens of the globe and realize whats happeing and act. In the excerpts there was an idea that we should stop road bulidsing and road reconstruction to protect the soil from disturbances because we want to perserve the closed forest canopy as a buffer against the effects of warming. An intresting thing I learned was that Virginia is home to a nice tax incentive program which promotes conservation among private property owners. This helps dave thousands of acres. I also read about Virginias Oceanic claim to resources is 3 miles but 6 total with the federal goverment. Talking about oceans the National academy of sciences put out a scary report that states if the oceans continue to acidify the water could turn corroseive to calcium carbonate structres destroying more coral reefs. In conclusion it is our Job as Virginians to act to counter the climate crisis.

The Virginia Way Blog Post; By Nick

The Virginia Way excerpt was a really detalied and well written piece. It started off talking about the 61 year old grandma who had had this property in her family for generations. Virginia and its law makers had other plans though. When the Virginia legislatives voted for the Mountian Valley pipeline they were yanking land from all over to get it done but Theressa Red Terry was not going down without a fight so she climbed a tree and protested from above. It was really sad to read Virgina was making her out to be the bad guy even though they were witholding food unless she got down from her stand. She made the headlines as well. The article also touched on Dominions long time pupatering of Virginia by holding nearly two thirds of sale of energy in VA. There was some people like the old attourney general who wanted to stop this though. I also found out that during Trumps term he took power away from the hard working citizens of Virginia and gave it back to big corrperations like Dominon who only like Virginia for a profit but he didnt realize he was creating a movement to overthrow big cooperations like Domion. One problem for dominon has hit and thats that it has started to turn on the voters and poloticans are starting to listen. So to conclude never mess with the Virginian way.